To treat gingivitis it is recommended to pay special attention to oral hygiene. To do this, techniques such as professional cleaning with instruments that guarantee deep hygiene are suggested.

What diseases do we treat?

The alteration of the balance of the bacteria that inhabit the mouth and the accumulation of bacterial plaque can cause inflammation and bleeding in the gums and lead to diseases known as periodontal (because they affect the periodontium, the tissue that supports the tooth):

  • Gingivitis: It is an inflammatory gum reaction of a reversible nature. It is the most frequent types of periodontal disease. It is understood as an infection and inflammation that destroys the supportive tissues that support the teeth, among which are the gums, periodontal ligations and dental alveoli (alveolar bone). If gingivitis is not treated, it can evolve and progress to periodontitis.
Periodontal Diseases
  • Periodontitis: It is an inflammation and infection of the links and bones that support the teeth. Periodontitis happens when a gum infection (gingivitis) is not treated. Although not all gingivitis progress to periodontitis, all periodontitis does originate with gingivitis. This disease is characterized by alterations in color, texture and shape of the gum, as well as bleeding or retraction of the gum with a clear exposure of the dental root. Due to inflammation, gum pockets are formed that fill with dental plaque. This causes the inflammation to continue until they end up damaging the bone and tissues around the tooth. In adults, periodontitis becomes the leading cause related to tooth decay.

With the arrival of implantology, periodontics becomes responsible for preventing and also treating peri-implant diseases, which involve inflammation and infection of the tissues that support dental implants.

Origin of inflammation

Why its appearance?

The onset and progression of periodontal diseases depend on the following causes:

  • Bacteria: Plaque is a sticky material composed of bacteria, mucus and food waste that accumulates on the outer parts of the teeth. Its accumulation has some long-term effects, among others, the inflammation or infection of the gums that becomes the main cause of the development of this type of diseases.
  • Aggravating factors: There are a number of factors that can aggravate the onset of periodontal diseases, for example, smoking or diseases such as diabetes. The results of a recent study indicate that individuals with diabetes are more likely to suffer from periodontitis than individuals who do not suffer from this disease.

Treatment techniques

How to treat periodontal disease?

To treat gingivitis it is recommended to pay special attention to oral hygiene. To do this, techniques such as professional cleaning with instruments that guarantee deep hygiene are suggested. This technique should be accompanied by proper and complete oral hygiene at home, avoiding as much as possible the accumulation of bacteria in the gums. The use of antimicrobial substances can help make that purpose more effective. As for periodontitis, the treatment also goes through a deep cleaning, both in a professional clinic and at home, to avoid in the same way the accumulation of bacteria that do nothing but worsen the progression of the disease. After an initial assessment by specialists, treatment may require surgical intervention in order to slow the progression of the disease and correct the aesthetic defects that may have arisen.

Postoperative Guidelines

What to do after an intervention?

After a periodontal intervention, specialists recommend:

  • Apply ice to the affected area to reduce inflammation.
  • Sleep with your head slightly raised.
  • Follow a soft diet and at room temperature.
  • Apply petroleum jelly at the corner of your lips if you feel discomfort.
  • Reduce physical activity during the first days.
  • Do not smoke at any time during the first 7 days.
  • Limit alcohol intake during the first 4 days.

Periodontal treatment at the Hospital in Barcelona

A favorable control of periodontal disease requires a program aimed at maintaining and improving the results of the initial treatment, as well as preventing the appearance of new conditions. The prevention or detection of periodontal diseases in early stages is the only way to ensure their control.

A great challenge for dentists has always been the elimination of possible stains or stains of the teeth. Among the multiple causes that give rise to these dental stains are: direct trauma, chronic dental infections, incomplete dental development, tobacco use or certain antibiotics such as tetracyclines, dental mouthwashes with chlorhexidine, among many others. Two types of dental stains can be different. On the one hand, extrinsic pigmentations, which are located in the most superficial layer of the tooth, known as tooth enamel. These types of stains are those produced mainly by tobacco, as well as coffee, tea, red wine, etc.

On the other hand, intrinsic pigmentations are found, which affect deeper dental layers of the tooth, such as dentin. This type of staining refers to those caused by taking certain antibiotics or dental trauma, among others. This second type of staining, intrinsic, is much more difficult to remove and techniques that go beyond dental microabrasion are required. One of the possible treatment alternatives, designed primarily to eliminate the limited coloring defects in the enamel (outer layer of the tooth), is the dental microabrasion.

What Is Dental Microabrasion And When Is It Indicated

This technique is based on the removal of the superficial layers of the tooth, to eliminate enamel defects caused by: spots caused by an incomplete development of the tooth (hypoplasias or amelogenesis imperfecta), consumption of fluoride (fluorosis), incipient caries, spots after of an orthodontic treatment etc. The dental microabrasion achieves the elimination of alterations of the tooth color that do not exceed 2mm deep. It is based on a chemical-mechanical technique. First, phosphoric acid is applied to the teeth and then an abrasive paste, which polishes the enamel layers by using rotary instruments with a rubber tip until a uniform color is achieved. Finally, you can apply some teeth whitening session to obtain whiter, aesthetic teeth and achieve complete color uniformity. So, we are facing a very conservative technique, of great success and that guarantees a very aesthetic result.

Male Dentist Examines A Young Patient
What Are Baby Teeth And Why Are They Important

As parents, we do not pay much attention to the oral hygiene of our children when it is vital for their development. In this post, we will explain how to take care of children’s baby teeth

What are baby teeth

The milk teeth, also known as temporary teeth, are the first teeth in a person’s mouth after they are born. One defining characteristic that temporary teeth have is that they are a little whiter than the permanent ones. They appear before the child turns one year old. A person generally has 20 milk teeth that appear in their mouth normally until they turn three years old. Half of these teeth are divided in the lower part and the others in the upper part. In both the upper and the lower part, you will find two canines, four molars and four incisors. During the first years of the child, these will help to chew and digest the food. In general, baby teeth begin to replace from six to twelve years of age. Even though these are not going to remain in the mouth for a lifetime you have to take care of them, since they can affect the way in which the permanent ones grow.

Importance of Baby Teeth

Many parents forget that temporary teeth are essential for children’s development. During the first few years of our life, we feed on breast milk and crushed foods. But as we grow, we switch to hard foods which need to be chewed. When children process food properly they can obtain all the nutrients necessary for their growth. The teeth not only fulfill the function of helping in feeding, but also allow the little ones to communicate and smile. Which helps them to develop more effective communication skills. Knowing how to take care of children’s teeth is essential. The first teeth leave the space so that the permanent ones can appear and when your little one grows up; he has a healthy denture. Take into account that permanent teeth are forming under the gums during the first years of children. You should be careful that your child does not lose their milk teeth too soon, as this can cause problems. It may happen that your child is playing and a tooth becomes loose or falls too soon. This causes permanent teeth to move into empty space, which can make it difficult teeth to grow out the gums with ease.

Fundamental Aspects Of Orthodontic Appliances
Fundamental Aspects Of Orthodontic Appliances Some children do not see the time to have their orthodontic appliances because they see them as a sign that they are reaching adolescence. Others, on the other hand, care about how they will feel or look. Regardless of how your child feels, you probably have your own questions and concerns about orthodontic appliances (including the payment method!). Below you will find information about children and orthodontic appliances.

Why children need braces

The causes for which a child may need orthodontic appliances are diverse: crooked, overlapping or crowded teeth, or a bad bite (called “malocclusion”). The malocclusion occurs when the size of the upper and lower jaw do not match. When the upper jaw is larger than the lower one, the bite is called an overbite . When the lower jaw is larger, it is called an inverted bite . Sometimes, problems with the teeth and the jaw are due to the falling of the baby teeth too soon, to accidents or habits, such as thumb sucking. But often the problems are hereditary. Therefore, if a person in the family needed braces, children may also need them. Often, your child’s dentist will be the first to notice problems during a regular checkup and will recommend that you see an orthodontist (a dentist who specializes in correcting problems with the jaw and teeth alignment). The orthodontist can decide if the child really needs braces and which ones would be the best. There is no fixed age for a child’s first visit to the orthodontist: some children go at age 6, others at 10 and some go when they are teenagers. Even adults may need orthodontic treatment. Many orthodontists say that children should see the orthodontist once permanent teeth start to come out, at approximately 7 years of age. At that age, problems such as an uneven bite or crowding of the teeth are already visible. The fact of starting the process at an early age does not mean that the child will have devices immediately. It simply means that the orthodontist can detect the problems and decide on the best time to start treatment.

First visit to the orthodontist

During the first visit, the orthodontist will examine your child’s teeth, mouth and jaw thoroughly. You may be asked to bite with your teeth together and may ask questions about whether your child has trouble biting or swallowing, or if his jaw is ever locked. The orthodontist may take an x-ray of the mouth and teeth to see how the teeth are located and if there is still a permanent tooth to leave. You may also take a mold (or impression) of your child’s teeth by pressing a small plaque with a rubbery material against the upper and lower teeth. Once the mold is removed and the material hardens, the result is a replica of your child’s teeth, which will allow the orthodontist to decide on the best treatment options.